How stem cells treat diabetes is surely an ever continuing subject for scientific research and exhibits great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever recurring subject matter for medical research and reveals great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently doing clinical studies for a new surgery called Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure requires transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed therefore no insulin is made. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide indicators once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out which can be dangerous when driving or performing other critical tasks diabetes for life.
Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there are not plenty of donors to serve with only about 3,500 donor organs readily available this past year. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The solution to this challenge is to create islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is currently research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells obtained from adults. But due to the ethical as well as political debate regarding stem cells this route to a cure is heading slowly. People who believe life begins at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and possess the greatest possibility to become any type of cells in the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Oppositions to this research believe that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the answer to this issue. But you can find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as remedies.
A recent published study described that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells obtained from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that produce insulin – they’re called beta cells, but there is debate over these studies and it has not been able to be reproduced.
Even though the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists believe that this investigation supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to quit taking insulin injection immediately after their own bodies start generating the hormone the natural way symptoms diabetes.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever ongoing topic for medical research and exhibits great promise in the fight to discover a cure for this long-term disease.