How does diabetes affect you? This is actually a question that individuals with diabetes often ask and is an extreme area of concern for diabetics. This is one of the questions that a diabetic must be educated on after first turning out to be newly diagnosed.
Diabetics have the most complications with their feet. This is due to nerve damage within the feet as well as the narrowing of blood vessels me cholesterol within the legs. These two problems can cause a small cut to become incredibly infected and result in gangrene of the foot. Gangrene can lead to amputation on the foot or leg.
In case a patient has nerve damage in a foot, they can not be able to tell when they have one small cut or skin damage plus an infection can start prior to it being even noticed. And with inadequate circulation, when there’s a cut or any damage, there’s insufficient blood flowing towards the foot to combat the infection.
In case a diabetic have toes or feet that are blue or pale – these are signs of poor circulation. And in case a diabetic feels numbness or tingling within their toes or feet, this is usually a sign of nerve damage. If a diabetic has any one of these symptoms they should discuss with their physician immediately.
Protection against foot problems is mastering proper foot self care includes routinely washing and inspecting feet. Carefully inspect feet for small cuts, breaks within the skin, blisters, corns or perhaps calluses. Corns or calluses ought to be treated by a doctor or nursing staff. Small cuts should be cured with antibiotic ointments.
Another subject of dilemma for diabetes are teeth and gums. Because of the problems with blood sugar, diabetics have a very high quantity of dental care problems. This is really because the diabetes when not under control cuts down on the quantity of white blood cells to fight bacterial infections inside the mouth.
There are numerous areas that cause problems. One of these is the problem of dry mouth due to minimized saliva. This could cause tooth decay, mouth ulcers and infections. Help for this problem can include things like chewing sugarless gum, having sugarless mints available, frequent sips of water or melting ice chips in the mouth.
Another major problem is gum disease typically referred to as gingivitis and periodontitis. This is caused by less white blood cells to combat infections as well as the thickening of blood vessels which decreases the blood circulation which delivers nutrients to the oral cavity and waste away from the oral cavity. Gum disease is due to infections of the gums so these may result in gum disease to be a lot more severe and harder to control in individuals who suffer with diabetes. Self care consists of brushing at least 2 times daily as well as flossing daily.
Eye problems are another area of concern for diabetics. Diabetic retinopathy can build-up which can bring about bad vision and also blindness. This is really because the blood vessels behind the eyes get weakened and can lead to blood and fluid dripping into the retina from these damaged blood vessels. So, it’s important for the diabetic to get frequent eye exams to get the blood vessels in the eye examined.
How does diabetes affect you and just how can these complications be prevented? The best method of protection is daily monitoring of blood glucose levels and controlling this level along with daily oral, foot and eye care.