How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject for scientific research and exhibits great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever ongoing subject for medical research and illustrates great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now doing clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new method involves transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and thus no insulin is made. These patients have to be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted in the liver, the body following the first transplant can provide warning signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and quite often just blackout which is often dangerous when driving a car or performing other crucial tasks diabetes advice.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t enough donors to serve with only about 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is at present research occurring using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells obtained from adults. But because of the ethical and also political debate concerning stem cells this route to a cure is going slowly. People who believe life starts at conception highly oppose embryonic stem cell research since the cells originated from human embryos that happen to be destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any sort of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Opponents to this research believe that adult stem cells obtained from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you will find studies which raise questions about the ability of these cells as treatments.
An up to date published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to be islet cells that produce insulin – they are called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.
Even though the research using stem cells is in its baby stages lots of scientists feel that this study supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics as a way to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone by natural means diabetes mellitus.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever on-going topic for medical research and displays great promise in the fight to find a remedy for this serious disease.