Existing stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and is showing great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying mediabeteshelp fantastic promise. The University of Pennsylvania currently is conducting clinical trials for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The newest procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The process is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are already destroyed and thus no insulin is manufactured. These patients need to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body right after the first transplant can provide warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and often just black out which may be harmful when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can’t treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable remedy for the over 700,000 folks in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there aren’t enough donors to go around with simply around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue would be to make islets inside the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research going on using controversial embryonic stem cells together with stem cells extracted from adults. But as a result of ethical and political debate with regards to stem cells this pathway into a cure is moving gradually. People who believe that life starts at conception firmly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells have not matured into human cells and have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells inside the body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells extracted from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But there are studies which raise queries about the capacity of these cells as therapies.A recent published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells taken from a pancreas to be islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there is debate over this research and it has not been able to be reproduced.

Even though research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages many scientists think that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics in order to stop taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is showing great promise in the fight to look for a remedy for this serious disease.